Comfort Hotel Bolivar
Via della Cordonata, 6
Phone: (39) 06 6791614
Fax: (39) 06 6791025
This baroque church was built by the architect Carlo Maderno at the beginning of the 17th Century. It was originally named after St Paul the apostle, but after The Adoration of the Infant was brought here, spoil from the victory of the Catholic armies over the Protestants at Prague, it was renamed Santa Maria della Vittoria.The church is noteworthy for one of the most beautiful works of Bernini, The Ectasy of St Teresa, to be found in the Capella Cornaro. Other important works include three paintings by Domenichino, the artist's last works in Rome. The interior decor of the church is typically baroque with very refined stucco, friezes and marble. The sacristy conserves some relics of the battle of Prague, in addition to those of the Christian armies who fought against the Turks.
The fountain is known as Fontana Del Mosè due to the badly proportioned statue of Moses in the central arch and its amazing resemblance to the famous statue by Michelangelo. It was created as a finishing touch to the Acqua felice aqueduct, ordered by Felice Peretti, better known as Pope Sixtus V who introduced drinking water to this area. The two arches have reliefs on the side of scenes taken from the Old Testament, while the lions are copies of two Egyptian statues that are to be found in the Vatican Museums.
The fountain with the four bronze statues of the Najadi by Mario Rutelli stands in the center of the square, bordered by the church of Santa Maria degli Angeli and Diocletian's Baths. On the other side there are buildings of various architectural styles. Called Piazza della Repubblica after World War II, its official name is still Piazza Esedra, referring to the central exedra of the Baths. The square is a meeting point for official demonstrations and for receiving visiting delegations from abroad.
The Aula Ottagona, or "Octagonal Hall", is a huge brick hall that was part of the Baths of Diocletian, the largest and most grandiose public baths in Rome, built around 300 AD. The name comes from the building's 8-side structure. It might have been used as a frigidarium , a cool area with a pool for a cold bath. Its use has changed across the centuries: it has been a barn, a gym, and a cinema. In the first half of the 20th century, it had been used as a Planetarium. Nowadays, finally, it is a branch of the National Roman Museum and houses marble and bronze statues that belong to the great Baths of ancient Rome, the ones of Constantine, Diocletian and Caracalla. - Maria Frullini
This is a street that has lived through alternate fortunes. In the early 20th Century it was a fashionable street for strolling, with elegant venues such as Caffé Bussi and Caffè Rosati and smart hotels such as the Majestic, l'Eden, l'Excelsior and l'Ambasciatori Palace. After a relatively quiet period, the 1960s, in particular the film La Dolce Vita, put Via Veneto back into the limelight of society life, with the antics of the stars and the audacious chases by paparazzi led by Tazio Secchiaroli. Today, Via Veneto has returned to peace and quiet, and its famous open-air cafés are frequented by tourists.
Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri, frequently used for state ceremonies, was founded in the mid-16th century inside the Diocletian Baths. It was built to designs by Michelangelo, who sought to minimize alterations to the original building, simply linking several different spaces and conserving the original walls and columns. A less respectful reconstruction was carried out, in honor of the holy year 1750 by Vanvitelli, who altered the angle of its positioning. Salvator Rosa and Armando Diaz are buried here. Amongst the works of art is a painting by Domenichino, to be found in the presbytery, The Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian. In the sacristy, Michelangelo's original designs are on show. Also, the Meridian Line passes through the church along which you will find the Bianchini's famous sundial.
Santa Maria della Concezione was founded by the brother of Pope Urbano VIII Barberini, the cardinal Antonio Barberini at the beginning of the 17th Century. The church has a modest appearance in regard to other churches of the baroque period, as it reflects the Capuchin order to which the cardinal belonged. This church is known to Romans as the charnel house of the Capuchins, throughout the centuries, the friars arranged the bones and skulls of their fellow brothers into the form of crosses or other Christian symbols. Although the church is simple in style, it still houses some important works, like the painting by Guido Reni, which depicts St Michael the Archangel crushing Lucifer, as well as works by Andrea Sacchi, Pietro da Cortonoa, Domenichino and in the entrance of the sacristy, a work entitled St Francis in prayer, which is attributed to Caravaggio.
After Via del Tritone and Via Veneto were opened into Piazza Barberini, the square took on its present aspect. During the 17th Century, it was named after the noble Barberini family that owned a large palace here with gardens that has now become the National Gallery of Ancient Art. The Barberini were also celebrated by two fountains by Bernini commissioned by Pope Urban VIII, the Triton fountain and the Bee fountain; the latter bears the family's coat of arms.
In the middle of the congested Piazza Barberini stands the Fountain of Triton, one of Bernini's finest. It shows the sea-god Triton carved into the center of a shell. It was ordered by Pope Urban VIII Barberini, as was the other fountain in the square, the Fountain of the Bees. It takes its name from the bees of the Barberini coat of arms, sculpted into the fountain.
The road was built by Pope Sixtus V and was part of a long straight stretch called the Strada Felice together with the Via Sistina which continues after it meets Piazza Barberini. The name came from the complex of fountains that adorns it at the crossroads of Via XX Settembre and Via del Quirinale. At this point there are four large statues on each corner of the crossroads that represent two rivers, the Arno and Tiber, the goddess Diana and the god Juno.
These four baroque fountains, situated at each of the four corners of the crossroads of Via delle Quattro Fontane, Via del Quirinale and Via XX Settembre, depict the Tiber, recognizable by the presence of the Wolf; the Arno: the two male figures; and Diana and Juno: the females. The statues were erected at the end of the 16th Century under Pope Sisto V during a period of reconstruction and embellishment of the city.
Romans call this church San Carlo because of its diminutive size. In fact, it could easily fit into one of the pillars that supports the dome of St Peter's. Carried out according to Borromini's design, it has a beautiful oval-shaped dome brightened by hidden windows. Borromini's hand is evident in all of the detail: the confessionals that mirror the architecture of the church for example, or the wrought-iron well in the middle of the cloister. At the main altar, the French artist Pierre Mignard portrays San Carlo Borromeo in an altarpiece. The vestry holds another painting of the saint in adoration of the Trinity by Orazio Borgianni. Do not miss the perfectly proportioned and harmonious cloister.